Jackson Park Highlands District
The Jackson Park Highlands District is a historic district in the South Shore neighborhood area of Chicago, Illinois, in the United States. It is home to the Jackson Park Highlands Museum. The district was constructed around 1905 by a number of different architects. On October 25, 1989, the building was certified as a Chicago Landmark. The neighborhood is roughly bordered on the north by 67th Street, on the south by 71st Street, on the west by Cregier Avenue, and on the east by Jeffery Boulevard. In the immediate vicinity of the area, there is an 18-hole golf course, which is a component of the Chicago Park District's Jackson Park, which is the third-largest park in Chicago and served as the site of the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893. The former Illinois Central Electric rails, which are now controlled by Metra Electric, are located to the south. Surrounding the Jackson Park Highlands District to the west, south, and east is the South Shore community area, which includes the Jackson Park Highlands District. The development of the area began in the early twentieth century. At its inception, it was intended to be a collection of model residences that would overlook the coveted Jackson Park, which had held the World's Fair less than a decade before. There were some of the most creative features of the period in this area, which are still there today, including substantial front yard setbacks, 50-foot lot widths, underground utilities, and the absence of any alleys. In 1890, when Chicago annexed Hyde Park just in time for the census (beating Philadelphia to become the nation's second largest metro-region), the Highlands were left under the administration of the South Shore district.
When World War II broke out, the neighborhood suffered a significant loss of residents, prompting some to propose that the region be completely demolished. With the entrance of the 1970s, the area had a resurgence as a main avenue of South Side opulence and sophistication. On October 25, 1989, the building was certified as a Chicago Landmark. House prices are currently ranging from approximately $300,000 to $1.5 million. Members of the Whitehall family, Jesse Jackson, Ramsey Lewis, Bo Diddley, Enrico Fermi, and Gale Sayers are among the notable residents who have lived in the area.